December 22, 2021


Code from this video:

Variables summary

Variables are a way for us to store data. You can think of it as a compartment in which you can store just about any type of data. Once a variable is holding data you can do just about anything with that data by referencing the variable by its name.

And now to shed some light on the obvious question - what type of data can we put in a variable? Here’s a list of the most common types of data we can store in variables:

  • Boolean - these are true and false values
  • String - these are a sequence of characters and are usually enclosed in single or double quotes.
  • Number - these can be integers or decimals

In Javascript most people usally declare variables in two ways. These are variables which are declared and created using the following keywords:

  • let
    • When using let it is not required for you to initialize the variable with data. You have the option of assigning a value to the variable further down your code.
    • After you’ve assigned a value to a let variable you have the ability to alter that value just about anywhere else in your code.
  • const
    • When using const you are required to assign an initial value to the variable otherwise an error will be thrown.
    • Once an initial value has been assigned you will no longer be able to change the value of the variable (though they are exceptions to this that we will talk about in later videos).


You can run all of these examples yourself by going to jsfiddle:

Variable data types examples:


These are true and false values

let areYouHappy = true

let areYouSad = false

These are a sequence of characters and are usually enclosed in single or double quotes

let myName = "John Doe"

// Note that when enclosed in quotes a number becomes a string
let age = "26"

These can be integers or decimals

// Integers
let age = 26

// Can hold decimals too
let average = 50.5

Variable declaration examples:

let variables
// Declare a new variable with an initial value
let fullName = "John Doe"

// Print the contents of that variable by calling it by its name
console.log(fullName) // John Doe

// Declare an empty variable
let email
console.log(email) // nothing here to print

// Assign a value to a variable after declaration
email = ""
console.log(email) //
const variables

// This will throw an error because an initial value is required
const fullName;

// Declare a new variable with an initial value
const fullName = "Doe John";

// Print the contents of that variable by calling it by its name
console.log(fullName); // Doe John

// Assigning a value to a const variable after initialization will also throw an error.
// Recall that once a value has been assigned to a const variable that variable can no longer be changed.
fullName = "";
console.log(email); //


Variables are everywhere in programming so it’s a good idea for you to get in the habit of practicing these new concepts as you learn them.

NOTE: There’s a practice jsfiddle for this section which you can find here (Remember to switch to the Javascript tab).

That’s all, for now!

That's all for now but there's still so much more to come. So until then I just want to thank you for stopping by and if you have any questions please never hesitate to contact me. Remember, you can always send your questions to my email

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Written by Luis Rodriguez who lives in Belize and works as a full stack developer building cool stuff using modern technologies. You should follow him on YouTube